Choosing a wedding photographer: basics of composition, the rule of thirds

The first part of the article we learn what points need to look for when viewing a portfolio of wedding photographer. Touched upon the proper construction of the composition in photography. Considered examples of cropping images and Orientation options.

the basics of composition

In this part, we will continue to learn the basics of composition, consider the examples of the use of lighting in difficult shooting conditions, and learn how can you distinguish between a picture with skillful framing of explicit marriage. Also touch on issues of price, we learn that is worth paying money wedding photographer, and for what is not worth paying.
Continuing the theme song can not say a word about fundametnalnyh concepts and rules of the photos on which to base all visual art world.
One of the basic rules of composition is the rule of the golden section, which I'll start the second part of the article.

Rule golden section (rule of thirds)

Considering a particular photo, it should be visually separated by a thin line into three equal parts horizontally and vertically, see photo below. At the points of intersection of these lines are so-called visual centers, which the human eye is in the first place. And it is at these points and/or lines should be located the main objects of the composition. The top priority of the points are: - lower left and/or upper right (left VPT - this girl's head.) In close-up portraits, eye model should be near the top horizontal line, see photo below right.

Lines in composition

Lines that may be present in the photo, there are two types: positive dynamics - lines that extend from the NLU diagonally toward the CPG, and negative growth - lines that extend from the VLU to NHRIs (golden sections of the rules.) For example, in the photo on the left, the line (wooden railing) starts at the linear accelerator and reaches for the NEC - a negative trend. This is not a defect in the composition in this case, as in tone Handrail (negative trend) yields positive trend is present in the bright line - the left hand girl.

In the photo on the right, at first glance, there are no lines, but lines the right side of the head model and forearm contour constitute the conditional line emanating from the LNU to CPG (positive trend).
The vertical and horizontal lines (horizon) in the photo should not be on the same level as the main object of the composition, for example, the horizon line does not pass through the head of the model. We can not allow that from the head of the model "grew up" any vertical object, such as an electric pole or a tree.

Lines in compositionrule of thirds

When viewing a photographer portfolio for these moments are worth paying attention to. Remember that the positive trend seen in the photo viewer positively on a subconscious level, and this must be considered. I hope you get the idea of ​​golden section in the photo, and now it will be easier to distinguish the quality portrait with Proper location of the main elements in the composition of the photo which does not have these qualities.

Right horizon

Another important issue is the proper construction of the frame - this is the right horizon in the image. What does this mean? This means that the horizontal and/or vertical lines in the image must meet precise vertical/horizontal lines. Below are two examples from the regular arrangement of the horizon and not correct.

horizontal linesright horizon

Two photos are almost indistinguishable from each other, but almost... If you look closely at the vertical lines of the two examples, once it becomes clear what is wrong with the left photo - horizon swamped right. But let us analyze in detail the photo on the left.
Pay attention to the right edge of the image. Here we see that the lines are parallel to the window arches frame boundary. This point may give the impression that the position of the image is correct. But if you look at the center of the image, we can see that the lines of angles relative to the frame breaks, overwhelmed right.

In photography, there is such a thing as lens distortion. It is because of her lines at the edges of the frame "fall" in the middle, see picture on the right. And it is this phenomenon (at first) is confusing. How to determine whether the cropped image? All simple. Focusing on the central vertical lines, we can determine exactly littered the horizon or not. If the image has horizontal lines - define the horizon for them. Littered the horizon in the photo is considered bad form, and is a clear sign of incompetence photographer (except for those moments where the horizon is littered justified artistic solution of a particular frame, and is part of the idea of ​​the composition).

Glare on the skin and clothing

What is glare? Relight - is part of the skin, clothing, background, etc., does not contain any details. For example, because the exposure is incorrect, instead of details in the bends of the bride dresses, we find taken off (completely white) areas of tissue. This also applies to the skin, where instead of the skin area - a white spot. Pay attention to it when viewing the portfolio, the image should not be Peresvetov. Overexposure in the image, especially in the dress of the bride and the person are not allowed, and show low-skilled wedding photographer. Below - an example of what overexposure may be valid, which is not a consequence of exposure errors, see the photo below.

bends of the bride dressesGlare on the skin and clothing

Take pictures in difficult lighting

Among other things, such conditions include indoor pictures with colored ceilings or ceilings over 4.5 meters, which can not be used as a reflective surface.
Immediately the question - why use the ceiling as a reflector?
- Light flash pulse reflected from the ceiling provides soft illumination of objects in portrait photography is a vital factor. The effect of reflection from the ceiling is also described in the article Calculating the diaphragm position of the flash head at the ceiling. So what to do if the ceiling above the norm, such as in a church where the ceiling height does not allow the use of flash aimed at the ceiling.

The answer is obvious - to use natural light, shooting aperture optics and use special flash modes. On one of these modes I mentioned in the article Flash mode SLOW - slow sync.
- Why do I need to know what kind of optics to use, what flash modes? - It let the photographer and not care about me! - For what I'm paying money vkontse of the ends?!
- Just a remark...
- But you do not want to throw good money after bad. You do need high-quality photos. After all, the only reason you have not given up reading this article.
So, considering the portfolio, look at pictures taken in difficult lighting situations, such as a wedding in the church. The photos below illustrate how to use the lighting photographer.

Take pictures in difficult lightingwedding in the church

A portfolio wedding photographer will find pictures, such as the photo on the right - run away from him! For these photos do not pay money. These photos you can make your guests to their tsifromylnitsy, and completely free. I also want to stress that the images with dark silhouette against the portraits with sharp shadows on the face (sharp shadows on the neck, the shadows from the nose and other harsh shadows on the face), are frank marriage, for that is not worth paying the money (I hear the roar of indignation fotobaboserov). Fotobabosery gentlemen, it's time to teach the basics of composition, not line the pockets of Franklin, and the like. It's time to respect their customers and to their chosen profession.
Continued ruthless exposure fotobaboserov read the third part of the material we choose a wedding photographer (part 3).

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