If you enjoy photography, you've probably heard of panning. But here it is, and as it is - do not really understand, but you want to know what it is and how it looks in the photo. This material will help you to understand the details of the shooting to the line, and you'll learn when and why to use this method. First, let's decipher the concept of "panning".
And so, panning - a special technique shooting fast-moving objects (freezing object - background blur). That is, do you follow a moving subject in the viewfinder, and at the right moment release the shutter. This is just to say, but not easy to do. While we will not discuss details of shooting techniques, let's see how it looks in the pictures. In the pictures it looks like this: - "frozen" on a blurred background, but sometimes the background can be blurred in part or not at all washed out, it depends on many factors that we consider later. Typically, background blur usually occurs in the horizontal plane, but the direction of blur depends on the direction of motion. Photos taken with the use of this technique shooting look very impressive and expressive. Such images draw the viewer's attention, hence an interest and desire of photographers use this technique in their works. And so, with that settled, we can move on.
In order to blur the background in the picture, it is necessary to use a slower shutter speed such as 1/15 - 1/60 sec., The camera moves along the axis of about 30° per second. But if you use a fast shutter speed such as 1/200 sec., The movement of the camera should be much faster, otherwise the background will not blurred or smeared partially. Please note that such a long exposure, most likely, will also lead to a partial blurring of the main object if the object is to "guide" is not accurate. To get high-quality image with the effect of motion, panning requires maximum static object in the scene at the time of shutter release. It's pretty hard to do, especially when the object moves continuously from side to side, up and down, close-removed, for example, like this one running squirrel.
To keep the object in the viewfinder - this is not enough for high-quality image, it is necessary that the object takes the necessary space frame, was in the right place and make sure the frame is in focus. This recording technique involves not only the mastery of the camera, but also has high capacity requirements and the level of the camera. Autofocus camera and the focusing lens system must work as a watch: - quickly find the target, and hold her tight.
For panning (when you get the effect of movement), in my opinion, the most appropriate mode is manual or automatic shutter-priority. These shooting modes, you can set the background blur, which largely depends on the shutter speed. If you shoot in automatic mode, aperture priority, blurring the background can be due to the small depth of field, but this does not contribute to the formation of blur motion effects (above).
Also in this mode, it will be difficult to achieve the desired effect with the background blur of motion, as in this mode, the camera automatically selects the shutter speed, which may be too short to smear background.
Panning - is shooting a moving subject, then "Continuous AF" suits us like no other. While the shutter button is pressed half, the AF mode provides continuous focus on a moving subject, which is very useful in the current shooting conditions.
I recommend to install a central focus area. In my opinion, this is the best way to help the autofocus camera is the goal (object), and secures it to the shutter.
Exposure metering area selection
With this survey, I recommend using a 3D color matrix metering. This is due to the fact that an object can occupy a different percentage of the frame, so that the camera is unable to adequately set the exposure for the object and the background, you need to install metering across the frame. If you set the center-weighted metering, you can lose details of the background, for example, if the object is quite light and is the third of the frame. Spot metering, in this survey, is strictly not suitable.
If your lens is equipped with a module VR (image stabilization), I recommend using it in active mode. This is to some extent increase the chances of getting a clear picture of the main subject. How to know if your lens is equipped with vibration reduction module? Legend dampening systems with cameras from different manufacturers will find related links.
When shooting in burst mode, you will have the opportunity during the post-processing to collect interesting collages from a series of images, such as the photo below. Also, continuous shooting will help capture that unique unique frame that could fly by...
In conclusion, I want to draw your attention to certain features of the shooting, which can significantly affect the final result. So, we already know that exposure to blur the background should be installed within 1/15 - 1/60 sec. But not only that length of exposure depends on the level of background blur. For example, if you set the shutter speed to 1/100 or 1/200 sec., You can also get a clear object and blur the background. Depending on the distance to the object, and the distance to the background, you can get a great motion effect.
For example, an object at a distance of up to 3 meters, the background at a distance greater than 50 m., The result will be excellent background blur even at 1/200 sec., Provided that the object is moving very quickly (about 8 m/s.). If the subject is more than 10 meters, with the same speed, the background - the same distance (more than 50m.), The background blur will be much smaller, or even blurring will not be noticeable. This is due to the fact that, with respect to the background, the object moves slowly, so the speed of rotation of the camera is also slowing.
If the background - at infinity, even at 5 meters to the quality of the object will be difficult to blur the background, unless it is shooting a moving at a breakneck speed of a Formula 1 car with Schumacher on board. But this rule applies in cases where the standard lens (50-80mm). If you use a telephoto lens for panning (200-500mm), here the background can be "smeared" quality over long distances to the subject, but if the object is moving perpendicular to the point of shooting, that is, the motion is on the left - on the right, or vice versa.
In cases where the movement of the object is in our direction - away from us, or diagonally, see photo above (Kitesurfing), - get a quality background blur is unlikely, even with a telephoto. It employs a simple rule of thumb - the higher the speed of the object and the background (the faster moving camera), the better the quality is blurry (motion effect). That's all I can tell so far the technique of panning. If you invent new ways to capture the technique - must share with you.
I wish you all a lot of successful and high-quality images. Thank you for your attention.