On the topic of photography, sunrises and sunsets on the web there are a lot of articles, but in spite of this wealth of information, some novice photographers still have questions on this topic.
If you're one of those who draw pictures of sunrise and sunset, who wants to know what it takes to get interesting and unusual shots, what camera settings to use, and so on, in this article I will reveal some of the important aspects of this type of photography, which at first will help you to avoid many mistakes.
For photography sunrise/sunset, we need:
As you can see, not so much to for shooting sunrise/sunset.
If your camera is able to work in the «A» - aperture priority, set to control exposure. White Balance (WB) can be set «Cloudy» (cloudy), or include automatic WB - does not matter, because we're shooting in RAW. If we shoot in RAW, upon conversion, we can set the optimal WB for a snapshot, which greatly facilitates the work of the photographer in the post-processing of source files.
Metering mode sets the center-weighted. Metering is doing is not far away from the sun (in the orange range), but not at the sun. If there is no sun, stood near the orange spectrum do glow, but not in the bright area - the area of neutral brightness. Typically, this area is a little above the horizon.
ISO sensitivity on the camera sets the lower. Typically, this is - ISO 100. But if your camera is supported by an even smaller value, for example, ISO 50 - install it.
Remember, the lower the ISO, the less noise in the midtones, so - higher technical quality of the image.
Also be installed in the camera menu mode shutter lag (if any). To prevent camera shake during the exposure, you can use the self-timer with a delay of 5 seconds. All of these techniques, in combination with stable tripod will give sharp images at slow shutter speeds, which can be quite long - from fractions of a second (pictured above), to a few seconds (photo at the beginning of the article). It is for this reason it is recommended to use the self-timer and shutter lag to get the technical qualities of the picture.
In the «A» - aperture priority, shutter speed when shooting is automatically detected, therefore, we need only set the aperture, for example - 8f. Aperture can be anything, but it's better to set the average. For example, if your lens has an aperture of 1:2 f - 1:16 f, the average value will be 1:7 f - 1:8 f. Using average values of intensity, we use the maximum resolution of the lens, then the picture will be highly detailed.
To capture the glow of dawn, you need to come to the place for 15-20 minutes before sunrise. Glow of dawn in the summer begins, roughly, from 4:10 to 4:30 am (photo above). At 5 am, the sun was pretty high (photo below).
As well as the glow of dawn, after sunset a stage sunset glow. Sunset glow lasts a bit longer than the dawn, but do not linger with filming to watch an interesting moment of the atmosphere, see the photo below.
If you turn to the composition silhouettes of animals, see the photo below, this picture becomes animated - alive. Animated landscape looks natural, filling the picture serenity and warmth, emphasizing the relationship of fauna and flora. When framing, watch for the location of objects in the frame, for a balanced composition. The sun does not have to be in the center, as in this picture. It may be a little biased to one side. But in this case, for a balanced composition, as opposed to the main subject positioned secondary objects on the opposite side.
Step back a little from the main topic of this article, I want to say a few words about the animate landscape in which there is no living creature, that is, in the animate landscape may not appear immediately beings, their presence in the photo may be indirect.
For example, in this landscape, see the photo on the right (click the image to enlarge), at first glance, there is no living creature, but the landscape can be classified as animated scenery as its animate hare tracks, thus linking this landscape with a living being, in this case - the hare.
One day when he got to the place, I saw that storm coming in from the sea. Wind increased so that the drop of sea water mixed with sand came the time for me. This morning I took a chance to make just one frame (pictured below), and hurried back home. Somewhere halfway, the storm still caught up with me. Began a terrible storm. Small dashes I got to a certain pension, which may have saved me from a lightning strike - thanks watchman. At such times, all normal people see sweet dreams, and only a few of something I can not sleep.)
Frankly, shooting dawn for me - every time a little test of aptitude. I like to sleep till noon, and stand before dawn gives me oh how not easy. But reluctantly laziness and desire to sleep again, I am in a hurry to take photographs, rubbing his eyes and stumbling over drifts.
I wish you all more good pictures. Thank you for your attention.