Assembling a PC: how to build your own computer (part 1)

At the moment, build a home computer itself is quite simple, the main thing - the right to choose for a particular configuration of the optimal compatibility components. This article will be useful to those who want to learn how to assemble a PC.


The benefits of self-assembly of a PC can talk a lot, but the main thing - is that you can decide which configuration is best for your PC. Configuration ready PCs that are sold in stores, primarily aimed at those users who do not wish to delve into the technical details of the system, the main thing - an acceptable cost PCs, and the rest - not so important.

But anyone who wants to have an idea of ​​what he buys, pre poyuzat Internet, flip through magazines on a PC. Only when there is some knowledge about the technical characteristics of components, you can begin to buy.

Building your own system is useful for the fact that we can significantly reduce the cost of system blocks (SB) compared with the same store-bought. This is due to the fact that the store makes its mark on parts and assembly takes for Sat When we collect the PCs themselves, that is to buy parts directly from wholesalers, it is much more profitable from an economic point of view. Such trade organizations now a dime a dozen.

Therefore, you need to go to a few wholesalers, compare their prices on parts that interest you, and then make a choice. The third important criterion, which works in favor of PC DIY - is any addition or upgrade components. If you built the system unit by yourself, you can always change or add any components Sat But if you bought a PC ready to shop during the warranty period, you will have to contact the seller with your request apgreydnut SB, which is not convenient, and expensive. With that understood, let's go on.

What is in a conventional computer (system block)?

  • Motherboard
  • Processor
  • RAM (can be a number of modules)
  • Graphics card (may be more)
  • Sound Card (optional)
  • TV - tuner (optional)
  • Hard Disk (may be several)
  • Drive (may be several)
  • Power supply unit
  • Cooling system - cooler
  • System block

These are the main organs of the PC, which are part of the configuration of a stationary computer.
So, you have them on hand, so it is time to assemble all the parts.

Assembly systems unit installation components power connection

Where to start building a system block?
If the cabinet is equipped with a power supply unit (PSU) - skip to installing the motherboard (MB). If the cabinet is not equipped with power supply unit - first install it, see the photo below.

power supply unit Chieftec-750

Assembly of the system unit will start with the motherboard. Before you install the MP in the body, for it is first necessary to set the processor cooler. How to Install a CPU and cooler (fan), in detail and with pictures described in the manual for the processor and motherboard, so I will not describe here the process. When installing the CPU, the main thing - to prevent skewing the CPU in the socket.

Do not touch the finger contacts the CPU, do not apply too much force when installing the CPU, it should be exactly the same and installed effortlessly. If you install the CPU cooler, you may have a bit to make the effort, but then again - with a sense of proportion. Connect the power supply fan as shown in the photo on the left. So, the processor fan is installed, it's time to screw the MP Corps.

Installation Motherboard (System Board)

System Board ASUS P5Q PRO
Motherboard power

Gently insert the MP in the body (body position - lying on its side), and in turn strengthen its screws scheme crosswise. Be wary of slipping screwdriver screws on the board. Scrape the card will not be replaced by a new one, if such a need occurs. Scrape the card is not under warranty, remember that. Motherboard power can connect now or at the end of the assembly, it does not matter. It is clear, let's move on...

Installing a hard drive

Installing a hard drive, SATA Kabel
Installing a SATA Kabel
Connect the power to the HDD
connector pins

The hard disk is installed must be very careful, without jolts and bumps. Shock and impact during installation may damage the hard disk. Do not hold locks for railway, they may slip from the mounting holes, the disk can fall and break. Installing the hard drive into the case or hold it for a fee(!), see fig. 1, holding it at the edge of the case. Install latches as shown in Figure "B", and paste in the railway guide housing. Clicking on the housing Railroad, put him in his place, sliding all the way (until it clicks). Connect the SATA cable to the MP and rail as shown in Figures A and B. Connect the power to the HDD, see fig. C. Inserting power connectors and SATA cable, do not use excessive force, it can cause damage to the connector pins.

Set TV-tuner

install a TV-tuner

To install a TV-tuner, first we have to prepare a place for it in the case. To do this, remove one section of the rear panel, and gently insert the TV-tuner card in the slot PCI, then strengthen it with the mounting screws, see photo below. When installing, be careful to avoid skewing the board; contact area must enter fully into the slot PCI, that is, the contacts must not be visible.

TV-tuner install

At this until stopping to reload the page is not too much content. To be continued in the second part of the article How to build a PC yourself.
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© Andrey Ko 2012***
How to assemble your own PC
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